Last weekend we traveled to buy knitting supplies and write a blog review of the Spinrite Factory Outlet Store in Listowel Ontario, and as we drove along those long flat
roads bisecting snow covered cornfields beside sprawling dairy farms, I considered how this area might have looked two hundred years ago, when it was a last bastion of impenetrable
wilderness called The Queen’s Bush.
There was a time when all of
southern Ontario was covered in trees and the only roads were rivers
and Indian trails. Life was tough. Read Susanna Moodie Roughing It In The Bush
for her description of pioneer life near Peterborough Ontario in the
So to say that someone was the first take up residence here or there in a particular
area means that the hardy pioneer in question must have cut his way into
the bush and camped and slept in the rain until he or she had erected
basic shelter, and then a log home. Such was the case when Settler John Binning arrived in what is today the town of Listowel Ontario in 1857.
Binning 1812-1899 was born in Somerset, England and became the Founding
Father of Listowel Ontario. He started life as a British regular,
signing up with the 46th regiment of Light Infantry at the late age of
24 yrs old; for the next eleven years he saw the world as a red coat.
During this period he was stationed in Gibraltar and the West Indies.
In 1846 his regiment came to Lower Canada, and he was for some time stationed near
Montreal and yearned to explore and make a place for himself in the rapidly expanding Upper Canada territory, he obtained
his discharge, and retired from service with the rank of corporal.
In 1849 Jon Binning married a daughter of Mr. G. W. Dodds, and moved in 1851 to what is now
Listowel, taking possession of a shanty already erected by an earlier
pioneer named Henry.
This Henry chap had set up a ‘right of priority in
possession’ claim on a gorgeous plot that was right beside a lovely bend in the river simply by building the shack.
This structure and surrounding land John and his wife eventually bought from Mr. Henry at the
cost of one rifle. John then marched off to nearby Glen Allen wherein he brought a supply
of provisions, and thus commenced his pioneer life.
Wellington County Historical Society and the Township of Mapleton
Historical Society unveiled a provincial plaque at Glen Allan Park in
Glen Allan, Ontario, to commemorate the Queen’s Bush Settlement,
A plaque was erected on August 2, 2008, by the Ontario Heritage Trust. The above photo is on the Ontario Heritage Plaques website photo credit to Alan L Brown.
THE QUEEN’S BUSH SETTLEMENT, 1820-1867
the early 19th century the vast unsettled area between Waterloo County
and Lake Huron was known as the “Queen’s Bush.” More than 1,500 free and
formerly enslaved Blacks pioneered scattered farms throughout the
Queen’s Bush, starting in about 1820. Many settled along the Peel and
Wellesley Township border, with Glen Allan, Hawkesville and Wallenstein
as important centers. Working together, these industrious and
self-reliant settlers built churches, schools, and a strong and vibrant
community life. American missionaries taught local Black children at
the Mount Hope and Mount Pleasant Schools. In the 1840s the government
ordered the district surveyed and many of the settlers could not afford
to purchase the land they had laboured so hard to clear. By 1850
migration out of the Queen’s Bush had begun. Today African Canadians
whose ancestors pioneered the Queen’s Bush are represented in
communities across Ontario.
Spinrite in Listowel Ontario
The first water wheel powered mills on the Maitland River at Listowel Ontario were for grinding wheat into
flour and belonged to Mr. D. D. Hay. The water powered machinery made
life a lot easier as previous to its development the wheat had to be
hauled by oxen and sled to Hawkesville, where it was made into flour – a
round trip took three days.
Next mill would no doubt be a saw
mill, and them much later wool mill. One historian in 1881 speculates
that “.. a woollen mill is perhaps the earliest manufacturing business
in Listowel – now, and for over a quarter of a century, operated and
owned by B. F. Brook.”
I also discovered that there is a property in town called“Rosebank”, and it was built in 1872 by the Brook family, owners of the woolen mill.
In an 1888 Ontario Manufacturing Directory, B.F. Brook is listed as being of the ‘Textile industry and fabrics’, The exact listing reads: LISTOWEL, Perth Co. G T RR. Tel. Am Ex. Brook, B. F. Blankets, Flannels and Yarns. 1 Set Cards. 4 Looms.
Three years later in 1891 Listowel Business Diretcory there is mention of “Brook, B.F. M, 45, Head, ENG, ENG, ENG, PRESB, Manu Of W Goods,”.
When the first world war happened, did the mill made something in connection with the war effort? The Perfect Knit company was here in the 1950s and 60s I believe.
Spinrite is here today. I’m still looking to fill in more of the blanks; let me know in the comments if you can help and what I should research online to get the entire story of the woolen mills in Listowel.
Is this the Maitland River? or… is this just a creek? Toronto movers
What is the name of this water system?